AS Name
NCNET-AS
Org Name
PJSC Rostelecom
Registry Region
Russian Federation
Looking Glass
IPv4Prefixes

24

IPv6Prefixes

2

IPv4 NUMs

523,264

IPv6 NUMs(/64)

34,359,738,368

523,264 IPv4 Addresses
CIDR Description IP Num
5.228.0.0/16 NCN-BBCUST 65536
37.110.0.0/17 NCN-BBCUST 32768
37.110.128.0/19 NCN-BBCUST 8192
37.204.0.0/16 NCN-BBCUST 65536
46.242.0.0/17 NCN-BBCUST 32768
46.242.8.0/22 NCN-BBCUST 1024
46.242.12.0/22 NCN-BBCUST 1024
77.37.128.0/17 NCN-INFRA 32768
84.253.64.0/18 PJSC Rostelecom 16384
85.30.192.0/18 NCN-BBCUST 16384
87.240.40.0/21 "Central Telegraph" Public Joint-stock Company 2048
87.240.48.0/20 "Central Telegraph" Public Joint-stock Company 4096
90.154.64.0/18 PJSC Rostelecom 16384
90.154.70.0/23 PJSC Rostelecom 512
90.154.72.0/23 PJSC Rostelecom 512
95.84.128.0/18 NCN-BBCUST 16384
95.84.192.0/18 NCN-BBCUST 16384
109.173.0.0/17 NCN-BBCUST 32768
178.140.0.0/24 NCN-BBCUST 256
178.140.0.0/16 NCN-BBCUST 65536
185.19.20.0/22 NCN-BBCUST 1024
188.32.0.0/24 NCN-BBCUST 256
188.32.0.0/16 NCN-BBCUST 65536
188.255.0.0/17 NCN-BBCUST 32768
CIDR Description IP NUMs(prefix /64)
2a02:2168::/32 PJSC Rostelecom 4294967296
2a02:2168::/29 PJSC Rostelecom 34359738368
AS Description Country/Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS263009 FORTE TELECOM LTDA., BR Brazil 3,072 4,294,967,296 IPv6 IPv6
AS3267 RUNNET - The federal state autonomous educational establishment of additional professional education Center of Realization of State Educational Policy and Informational Technologies, RU Russian Federation 272,640 38,654,705,664 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS6939 HURRICANE - Hurricane Electric LLC, US United States 514,816 282,635,155,472,384 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS9002 RETN-AS - RETN Limited, GB United Kingdom 48,384 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS12741 AS-NETIA - Netia SA, PL Poland 1,651,968 8,589,934,592 IPv4 IPv4
AS29479 TRANSDATA - Transdata AS, NO Norway 2,560 131,072 IPv4 IPv4
AS42861 FOTONTELECOM-TRANSIT-AS - Foton Telecom CJSC, RU Russian Federation 17,408 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS20764 RASCOM-AS - CJSC RASCOM, RU Russian Federation 13,568 38,654,771,200 IPv6 IPv6
AS25227 ASN-AVANTEL-MSK - Avantel, Close Joint Stock Company, RU Russian Federation 60,416 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS49037 PG19 - Mikhail Mayorov, RU Russian Federation 9,472 1,245,184 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS55818 MCIX-AS-AP - MC-IX Matrix Internet Exchange RS-1, ID Indonesia 14,848 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS47441 TRUNKM - TRUNK MOBILE, INC, RU Russian Federation 5,376 34,359,738,368 IPv6 IPv6
AS7713 telkomnet-as-ap - Telekomunikasi Indonesia (PT), ID Indonesia 3,387,392 12,888,178,688 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS48919 UA-CITY-AS - UACITY Ltd., UA Ukraine 9,216 65,536 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS31133 MF-MGSM-AS - PJSC MegaFon, RU Russian Federation 788,224 303,562,752 IPv6 IPv6
AS34779 T-2-AS - T-2, d.o.o., SI Slovenia 202,752 34,359,738,368 IPv6 IPv6
AS8359 MTS - MTS PJSC, RU Russian Federation 1,168,384 77,309,411,328 IPv4 IPv4
AS25091 IP-MAX - IP-Max SA, CH Switzerland 13,312 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS31500 GLOBALNET-AS - LLC GLOBALNET, RU Russian Federation 7,936 4,295,360,512 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS34549 MEER-AS - meerfarbig GmbH & Co. KG, DE Germany 65,536 455,267,581,952 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS49605 DTS-AS - Digital Telecommunication Services S.r.l., IT Italy 9,728 38,654,705,664 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS61438 IP-IT-AS - ip-it consult GmbH, AT Austria 1,536 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4
AS1299 TELIANET - Telia Company AB, SE Sweden 304,128 17,605,071,732,736 IPv4 IPv4
AS8492 OBIT-AS - "OBIT" Ltd., RU Russian Federation 76,800 38,654,705,664 IPv4 IPv4
AS24482 SGGS-AS-AP - SG.GS, SG Singapore 22,784 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS36236 NETACTUATE - NetActuate, Inc, US United States 99,328 5,933,629,440 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS39821 CANMOS-AS - OOO Versiya, RU Russian Federation 4,096 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS41327 FIBERTELECOM-AS - Fiber Telecom S.p.A., IT Italy 8,192 68,719,476,736 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS41722 MIRAN-AS - Miran Ltd., RU Russian Federation 7,424 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS2895 FREE-NET-AS - OOO FREEnet Group, RU Russian Federation 132,096 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS12389 ROSTELECOM-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 9,270,528 17,179,869,184 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS49673 TRUENETWORK - Truenetwork LLC, RU Russian Federation 768 65,536 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS51907 FRONTIERNETWORK-AS - Frontier Network LLC, RU Russian Federation 256 65,536 IPv4 IPv4
AS60501 SIRIUSTEC-IT - Sirius Technology SRL, IT Italy 4,864 107,374,182,400 IPv4 IPv4
AS3327 CITIC - CITIC Telecom CPC Netherlands B.V., EE Estonia 78,848 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS28917 Fiord-AS - LLC "TRC FIORD", RU Russian Federation 46,336 68,719,542,272 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS5394 Unidata - UNIDATA S.p.A., IT Italy 83,456 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS28186 ITS TELECOMUNICACOES LTDA, BR Brazil 49,152 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS39533 asympto - Asympto Networks Kft., CH Switzerland 512 2,147,483,648 IPv4 IPv4
AS57463 NetIX - NetIX Communications Ltd., BG Bulgaria 512 0 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS Description Country/Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS8557 ELKATEL-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 8,192 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS8629 MCNTT-AS - Moscow Center of New Telecommunication Technologies JSC, RU Russian Federation 12,288 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS29651 CTCS - JSC "RT Labs", RU Russian Federation 1,536 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS62133 RANHiGS-AS - RANHiGS, RU Russian Federation 1,536 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS197379 INVITRO-AS - INVITRO-Information technology LLC, RU Russian Federation 256 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS197461 SHOKO - OOO Galereya-ALEX, RU Russian Federation 256 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS6863 ROSNET-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 61,696 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS25531 INTFRM-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 7,680 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS29069 TLK-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 9,216 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS60473 CTI-AS - LLC CTI, RU Russian Federation 512 0 IPv4 IPv4
IP Address Domain NUMs Domains
5.228.0.152 1 broadband-5-228-0-152.nationalcablenetworks.ru
5.228.7.83 2 keepcorrect.com
5.228.16.99 1 allory.com
5.228.18.152 2 arcansas.ru
5.228.18.240 2 www.znaika.su
5.228.24.219 1 www.kavavxyz.synology.me
5.228.29.206 1 rguk.website
5.228.30.119 2 rumkex.duckdns.org
5.228.32.249 2 zel-torrent.n1mda.ru
5.228.36.111 1 broadband-5-228-36-111.nationalcablenetworks.ru
as-block:       AS42383 - AS45055
descr:          RIPE NCC ASN block
remarks:        These AS Numbers are assigned to network operators in the RIPE NCC service region.
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
created:        2018-11-22T15:27:34Z
last-modified:  2018-11-22T15:27:34Z
source:         RIPE



aut-num:        AS42610
as-name:        NCNET-AS
org:            ORG-JR8-RIPE
remarks:
remarks:        Upstreams
remarks:
import:         from AS12389 accept ANY
export:         to AS12389 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS12389 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS12389 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS9002 accept ANY
export:         to AS9002 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS9002 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS9002 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS1299 accept ANY
export:         to AS1299 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS1299 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS1299 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
remarks:
remarks:        IX's public route servers
remarks:
import:         from AS8631 accept AS-MSKROUTESERVER
export:         to AS8631 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8631 accept AS-MSKROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8631 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS43690 accept AS-SPBROUTESERVER
export:         to AS43690 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS43690 accept AS-SPBROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS43690 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS50952 accept AS-DATAIX
export:         to AS50952 announce AS-NCNET
remarks:
remarks:        Clients
remarks:
import:         from AS6863 accept AS-ROSNET
export:         to AS6863 announce ANY
import:         from AS8557 accept AS8557
export:         to AS8557 announce ANY
import:         from AS8629 accept AS-MCNTT
export:         to AS8629 announce ANY
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8629 accept AS-MCNTT
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8629 announce ANY
import:         from AS8901 accept AS8901
export:         to AS8901 announce ANY
import:         from AS12958 accept AS-MCC
export:         to AS12958 announce ANY
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS12958 accept AS-MCC
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS12958 announce ANY
import:         from AS25515 accept AS-CTC
export:         to AS25515 announce ANY
import:         from AS25531 accept AS-INTINFORM
export:         to AS25531 announce ANY
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS25531 accept AS-INTINFORM-V6
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS25541 announce ANY
import:         from AS29069 accept AS-TRANSLINECOM
export:         to AS29069 announce ANY
import:         from AS29651 accept AS29651
export:         to AS29651 announce ANY
import:         from AS44848 accept AS-E2CORP
export:         to AS44848 announce ANY
import:         from AS50822 accept AS50822
export:         to AS50822 announce ANY
import:         from AS51026 accept AS51026
export:         to AS51026 announce ANY
import:         from AS60124 accept AS60124
export:         to AS60124 announce ANY
import:         from AS60473 accept AS60473
export:         to AS60473 announce ANY
import:         from AS62133 accept AS62133
export:         to AS62133 announce ANY
import:         from AS197461 accept AS197461
export:         to AS197461 announce ANY
import:         from AS199760 accept AS199760
export:         to AS199760 announce ANY
import:         from AS200166 accept AS200166
export:         to AS200166 announce ANY
import:         from AS202127 accept AS202127
export:         to AS202127 announce ANY
import:         from AS42288 accept AS42288
export:         to AS42288 announce ANY
remarks:
remarks:        Direct Peers
remarks:
import:         from AS8359 accept AS-MTU
export:         to AS8359 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8359 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8359 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS9002 accept AS-RETN
export:         to AS9002 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS9002 accept AS-RETN6
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS9002 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS12714 accept AS-TI
export:         to AS12714 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
export:         to AS15169 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS15169 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS20985 accept AS-ARTX
export:         to AS20985 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS31133 accept AS-MF-MGSM
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31133 accept AS-MF-MGSM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31133 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS38951 accept AS-TKT
export:         to AS38951 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS38951 accept AS-TKT-IPV6
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS38951 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS44237 accept AS-CTC-CORE
export:         to AS44237 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS47764 accept AS-MAILRU
export:         to AS47764 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS47764 accept AS-MAILRU
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS47764 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
remarks:
remarks:        Peers at MSK-IX
remarks:
import:         from AS3267 accept AS-RUNNET
export:         to AS3267 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS6854 accept AS-SYNTERRA
export:         to AS6854 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS8241 accept AS-RELLINE
export:         to AS8241 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS8470 accept AS-MACOMNET
export:         to AS8470 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS8492 accept AS-OBIT
export:         to AS8492 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS8744 accept AS-WIMAX
export:         to AS8744 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS8997 accept AS-SPBNIT
export:         to AS8997 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS9002 accept AS-RETN
export:         to AS9002 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS9031 accept AS-EDPNET
export:         to AS9031 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS12389 accept AS-ROSTELECOM
export:         to AS12389 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS12695 accept AS-DINET
export:         to AS12695 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS13238 accept AS-YANDEX
export:         to AS13238 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
export:         to AS15169 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS20632 accept AS-PETERSTAR
export:         to AS20632 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS20985 accept AS-ARTX
export:         to AS20985 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS24638 accept AS-RAMTEL
export:         to AS24638 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS28917 accept AS-FIORD
export:         to AS28917 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS28968 accept AS-EUT
export:         to AS28968 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM
export:         to AS29076 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS29329 accept AS-NODEX
export:         to AS29329 announce AS-NCNET
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS29329 accept AS-NODEX
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS29329 announce AS-NCNET-IPV6
import:         from AS30784 accept AS-ISKRATELECOM
export:         to AS30784 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS31500 accept AS-GLOBAL-NET
export:         to AS31500 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS33902 accept AS-STARNETWORKS
export:         to AS33902 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS34030 accept AS-BORODINO
export:         to AS34030 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS34602 accept AS-STARLNK
export:         to AS34602 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS39792 accept AS-ANDERS
export:         to AS39792 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS41095 accept AS-IPTP
export:         to AS41095 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS42632 accept AS-MNOGOBYTE
export:         to AS42632 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS44050 accept AS-PIN-MSKIX
export:         to AS44050 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS44237 accept AS-CTC-CORE
export:         to AS44237 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS48061 accept AS48061
export:         to AS48061 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS48172 accept AS-MERCUR
export:         to AS48172 announce AS-NCNET
import:         from AS50277 accept AS-WEBTV
export:         to AS50277 announce AS-NCNET
remarks:        +----------------------------------------------------+
remarks:        | NCNET filters out                                  |
remarks:        | inbound prefixes longer than /24                   |
remarks:        | MEDs are overwritten                               |
remarks:        | unless special arrangements have been made         |
remarks:        +----------------------------------------------------+
remarks:        | COMMUNITIES                                        |
remarks:        +----------------------------------------------------+
remarks:        | Communities sent to downstreams are marked upon    |
remarks:        | upsteam type and place of interconnection.         |
remarks:        | 42610:yyyy (4 digits)                              |
remarks:        |                                                    |
remarks:        | User-settable communities are derived from         |
remarks:        | UPLINKS, PEERS and SPECIAL communities             |
remarks:        | 42610:yyyyx (with 5th digit)                       |
remarks:        |                                                    |
remarks:        | where 'x' is:                                      |
remarks:        | ....x=9 - advertise without prepends               |
remarks:        | ....x=0 - do not advertise                         |
remarks:        | ....x=1,2,3 or 5 - prepend 42610 (1,2,3 or 5) times|
remarks:        | Childs overrides parents                           |
remarks:        | (i.e. 42610:22009 overrides 42610:10002)           |
remarks:        +----------------------------------------------------+
remarks:        | UPLINKS                                            |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | 42610:2000x - All uplinks                          |
remarks:        | |                                                  |
remarks:        | + 42610:2100x - Uplinks at MSK                     |
remarks:        | + 42610:2101x - Rostelekom AS12389                 |
remarks:        | + 42610:2102x - Telia AS1299                       |
remarks:        | + 42610:2103x - Telia AS9002                       |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | PEERS                                              |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | 42610:1000x - All peers                            |
remarks:        | |                                                  |
remarks:        | + 42610:2200x - MSK-IX                             |
remarks:        | | + 42610:2201x - MSK-IX Route-Servers AS8631      |
remarks:        | | + 42610:2202x - MSK-IX Direct Peers              |
remarks:        | |                                                  |
remarks:        | + 42610:2400x - Private Peers                      |
remarks:        | | |                                                |
remarks:        | | + 42610:2500x - Private Peers at MSK             |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2502x - MTS AS8359                     |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2503x - Google AS15169                 |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2507x - Megafon AS31133                |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2511x - Mail.ru AS47764                |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2515x - Rostelecom CTC AS44237         |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2517x - NetByNet AS12714               |
remarks:        | | | + 42610:2518x - ReTN AS9002                    |
remarks:        | | |                                                |
remarks:        | | + 42610:2600x - Private Peers at SPB             |
remarks:        | | + 42610:2601x - TKT AS38951                      |
remarks:        | |                                                  |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | CLIENTS |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | 42610:42610 - NCNET                                |
remarks:        | 42610:3000 - Clients                               |
remarks:        | |                                                  |
remarks:        | + 42610:3100 - Clients at MSK                      |
remarks:        | + 42610:3200 - Clients at SPB                      |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | SPECIAL                                            |
remarks:        |----------------------------------------------------|
remarks:        | 42610:666 - blackhole                              |
remarks:        | 42610:1900 - Backup                                |
remarks:        +----------------------------------------------------+
admin-c:        NCN7-RIPE
tech-c:         NCN7-RIPE
status:         ASSIGNED
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-END-MNT
mnt-by:         NCNET-MNT
created:        2007-03-22T09:50:49Z
last-modified:  2020-04-23T07:40:48Z
source:         RIPE

organisation:   ORG-JR8-RIPE
org-name:       PJSC Rostelecom
org-type:       LIR
address:        25-2, Dubovaya Roscha street
address:        127427
address:        MOSCOW
address:        RUSSIAN FEDERATION
phone:          +7 495 339 11 22
fax-no:         +74999953619
admin-c:        RTNC-RIPE
admin-c:        DS4715-RIPE
admin-c:        EP6706-RIPE
admin-c:        OO1522-RIPE
admin-c:        NM7547-RIPE
admin-c:        AA728-RIPE
admin-c:        SVS153-RIPE
admin-c:        ASV77-RIPE
admin-c:        RVP-RIPE
admin-c:        VEV57-RIPE
admin-c:        TR4627-RIPE
admin-c:        TL4565-RIPE
admin-c:        AVB77-RIPE
admin-c:        DN216-RIPE
admin-c:        DA2353-RIPE
admin-c:        ANK2555-RIPE
admin-c:        IS111-RIPE
admin-c:        VE128-RIPE
admin-c:        SS216-RIPE
abuse-c:        RTNC-RIPE
mnt-ref:        RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-ref:        ROSTELECOM-MNT
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-by:         ROSTELECOM-MNT
created:        2005-03-22T11:11:20Z
last-modified:  2018-10-03T10:00:29Z
source:         RIPE # Filtered

role:           NCNET NCC Operations
address:        National Cable Networks
address:        Nagatinskaya str., 1, bldn. 26
address:        117105 Moscow, Russia
org:            ORG-NCN1-RIPE
admin-c:        RVP-RIPE
tech-c:         RVP-RIPE
phone:          +7 495 6859542
fax-no:         +7 495 6859530
mnt-by:         NCNET-MNT
nic-hdl:        NCN7-RIPE
created:        2007-03-26T07:46:58Z
last-modified:  2015-10-12T11:53:05Z
source:         RIPE # Filtered
abuse-mailbox:  [email protected]