AS Number
AS28709
AS Name
VKONTAKTE-REGIONAL-CDN
Org Name
VKontakte Ltd
Registry

ripe

RegDate

N/A

Updated

2021-05-27T10:40:04Z

AS28709 Looking Glass
IPv4Prefixes

10

IPv6Prefixes

6

IPv4 NUMs

2,560

IPv6 NUMs(/64)

393,216

2,560 IPv4 Addresses
CIDR Description IP Num
5.181.61.0/24 Mail.Ru LLC 256
87.240.166.0/24 VKONTAKTE-SPB-NET 256
87.240.167.0/24 VKONTAKTE-SPB-NET 256
95.142.201.0/24 VKONTAKTE-MSK-NET 256
95.142.202.0/24 VKONTAKTE-MSK-NET 256
95.142.203.0/24 VKONTAKTE-MSK-NET 256
95.213.44.0/24 VKontakte Ltd 256
95.213.45.0/24 VKontakte Ltd 256
185.32.249.0/24 VKONTAKTE-CACHE-NET 256
185.32.251.0/24 VKONTAKTE-CACHE-NET 256
CIDR Description IP NUMs(prefix /64)
2a00:bdc0:e002::/48 VKontakte Ltd 65536
2a00:bdc0:e003::/48 VKontakte Ltd 65536
2a00:bdc0:e004::/48 VKontakte Ltd 65536
2a00:bdc0:e005::/48 VKontakte Ltd 65536
2a00:bdc0:e007::/48 VKontakte Ltd 65536
2a00:bdc0:e008::/48 VKontakte Ltd 65536
AS Description Country/Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS41327 FIBERTELECOM-AS - Fiber Telecom S.p.A., IT Italy 8,960 68,719,476,736 IPv4 IPv4
AS42437 T2-ROSTOV-AS - T2 Mobile LLC, RU Russian Federation 9,472 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS20764 RASCOM-AS - CJSC RASCOM, RU Russian Federation 13,568 34,359,869,440 IPv4 IPv4
AS35598 INETCOM - Inetcom LLC, RU Russian Federation 37,120 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4
AS56630 MELBICOM-EU-AS - Melbikomas UAB, LT Lithuania 36,352 6,979,715,072 IPv4 IPv4
AS6789 CRELCOM-NET - CRELCOM LLC, RU Russian Federation 38,144 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS28917 Fiord-AS - Fiord Networks, UAB, LT Lithuania 43,264 68,719,542,272 IPv4 IPv4
AS14840 COMMCORP COMUNICACOES LTDA, BR Brazil 52,736 16,106,586,112 IPv4 IPv4
AS31133 MF-MGSM-AS - PJSC MegaFon, RU Russian Federation 787,456 268,435,456 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS50304 BLIX - Blix Solutions AS, NO Norway 39,680 313,549,586,432 IPv4 IPv4
AS8359 MTS - MTS PJSC, RU Russian Federation 1,207,040 81,604,378,624 IPv6 IPv6
AS8492 OBIT-AS - "OBIT" Ltd., RU Russian Federation 82,176 38,654,705,664 IPv4 IPv4
AS9002 RETN-AS - RETN Limited, GB United Kingdom 55,552 4,295,032,832 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS39120 CONVERGENZE-AS - Convergenze S.p.A., IT Italy 31,488 12,884,901,888 IPv4 IPv4
AS41722 MIRAN-AS - Miran Ltd., RU Russian Federation 7,680 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS52091 LEVEL-MSK-AS - Level-MSK Ltd., RU Russian Federation 1,024 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS263009 FORTE TELECOM LTDA., BR Brazil 3,328 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS3214 XTOM - xTom GmbH, DE Germany 36,096 528,282,025,984 IPv4 IPv4
AS12389 ROSTELECOM-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 9,354,496 21,474,836,480 IPv4 IPv4
AS48276 LEVEL-AS - IPSvyaz OOO, RU Russian Federation 1,280 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS49037 PG19 - Mikhail Mayorov, RU Russian Federation 9,472 1,703,936 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS199524 GCORE - G-Core Labs S.A., LU Luxembourg 87,552 79,495,168 IPv4 IPv4
AS34854 STACLAR-CARRIER - Staclar Carrier Ltd., DE Germany 512 65,536 IPv4 IPv4
AS43350 NFORCE - NForce Entertainment B.V., NL Netherlands 85,760 113,818,271,744 IPv4 IPv4
AS60501 SIRIUSTEC-IT - Sirius Technology SRL, IT Italy 14,336 107,374,182,400 IPv4 IPv4
AS264409 GRUPO YAX, BR Brazil 1,024 393,216 IPv4 IPv4
AS47541 VKONTAKTE-SPB-AS - VKontakte Ltd, RU Russian Federation 42,752 536,870,912 IPv6 IPv6
AS5394 Unidata - UNIDATA S.p.A., IT Italy 83,968 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS6939 HURRICANE - Hurricane Electric LLC, US United States 495,616 282,665,488,744,448 IPv4 IPv4
AS137409 GSLNETWORKS-AS-AP - GSL Networks Pty LTD, AU Australia 14,080 17,179,869,184 IPv4 IPv4
AS3216 SOVAM-AS - PJSC "Vimpelcom", RU Russian Federation 1,154,722 4,295,098,368 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS47441 TRUNKM - TRUNK MOBILE, INC, US United States 5,632 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4
AS31500 GLOBALNET-AS - Global Network Management Inc, AG Antigua and Barbuda 10,752 393,216 IPv4 IPv4
AS57463 NetIX - NetIX Communications Ltd., BG Bulgaria 512 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS Description Country/Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS21051 NIVAL-AS - Mail.Ru LLC, RU Russian Federation 4,608 65,536 IPv4 IPv4
as-block:       AS28699 - AS28912
descr:          RIPE NCC ASN block
remarks:        These AS Numbers are assigned to network operators in the RIPE NCC service region.
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
created:        2018-11-22T15:27:31Z
last-modified:  2018-11-22T15:27:31Z
source:         RIPE



aut-num:        AS28709
as-name:        VKONTAKTE-REGIONAL-CDN
org:            ORG-VL47-RIPE
descr:          Regional CDN http://vk.com
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        Uplinks
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS3216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS3216 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS3216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS3216 accept ANY;
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31133 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31133 accept ANY;
export:         to AS12389 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS12389 accept ANY
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        DATA-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS50952 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS50952 accept AS-DATAIX
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS50952 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS50952 accept AS-DATAIX;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        W-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- W-IX
export:         to AS50384 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS50384 accept AS-W-IX
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS50384 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS50384 accept AS-W-IX-IPVSIX;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        CLOUD-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- Cloud-IX
export:         to AS29076 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM AND NOT AS-CLOUD-IX-M
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS29076 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        NSK-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- NSK-IX
export:         to AS42403 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS42403 accept AS-NSKROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS42403 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS42403 accept AS-NSKROUTESERVER;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        EKT-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- EKT-IX
export:         to AS43213 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS43213 accept AS-EKTROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS43213 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS43213 accept AS-EKTROUTESERVER;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        RED-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- RED-IX
export:         to AS60430 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS60430 accept AS-RED-IX-PEERS
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS60430 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS60430 accept AS-RED-IX-PEERS;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        MEGA-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- Megafon-IX
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31133 accept AS-MF-IX
export:         to AS47764 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS47764 accept AS-MAILRU
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        SMR-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- SMR-IX
export:         to AS47882 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS47882 accept AS-SMRROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS47882 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS47882 accept AS-SMRROUTESERVER;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        RND-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- RND-IX
export:         to AS48216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS48216 accept AS-RNDROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS48216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS48216 accept AS-RNDROUTESERVER;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        SFO-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- Milecom
export:         to AS13094 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS13094 accept AS-MILECOM-RS
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS13094 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS13094 accept AS-MILECOM-RS;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        direct Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- Beeline
export:         to AS3216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS3216 accept AS-SOVAM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS3216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS3216 accept AS-SOVAM;
remarks:        -- TransTeleKom
export:         to AS20485 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS20485 accept AS-TTK
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS20485 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS20485 accept AS-TTK;
remarks:        -- Megafon
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31133 accept AS-MF-MGSM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31133 accept AS-MF-MGSM;
export:         to AS31195 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31195 accept AS-MEGAFONDV
remarks:        -- Er-Telecom
export:         to AS9049 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS9049 accept AS-ERTH
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS9049 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS9049 accept AS-ERTH;
remarks:        -- MTS
export:         to AS8359 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8359 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8359 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8359 accept AS-MTU;
remarks:        -- RETN
export:         to AS9002 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS9002 accept AS-RETN
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS9002 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS9002 accept AS-RETN6;
remarks:        -- Redcom
export:         to AS8749 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8749 accept AS-REDCOM
remarks:        -- SIBSET
export:         to AS34757 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS34757 accept AS34757
remarks:        -- Tele2
export:         to AS41330 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS41330 accept AS41330
remarks:        -- RBIX
export:         to AS59712 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS59712 accept AS-RBIX
remarks:        -- Ufanet
export:         to AS24955 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS24955 accept AS24955
remarks:        -- Motiv
export:         to AS31499 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31499 accept AS-MOTIV
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31499 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31499 accept AS-MOTIV;
remarks:        -- Interra
export:         to AS48524 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS48524 accept AS-INTERRA
remarks:        --
export:         to AS49037 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS49037 accept AS-PG19
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS49037 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS49037 accept AS-PG19;
export:         to AS28917 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS28917 accept AS-FIORD
export:         to AS42437 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS42437 accept AS-T2RU-MR-ROSTOV
export:         to AS48190 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS48190 accept AS48190
export:         to AS5563 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS5563 accept AS-URAL
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS5563 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS5563 accept AS-URAL;
export:         to AS48642 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS48642 accept AS-KT-RU
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS48642 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS48642 accept AS-KT-RU;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        BGP Policy
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        ----- Our BGP communities for managing traffic
remarks:        !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
remarks:        FOR FULL LIST SUPPORTED BGP COMMUNITY
remarks:        PLEASE USE whois as47541
remarks:        or read
remarks:        AS47541 OBJECT IN RIPE DATABASE
remarks:        !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
remarks:        -- CDN vk
remarks:        47541:20<CDN_NUM> - deny import
remarks:        47541:21<CDN_NUM> - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 1 time
remarks:        47541:22<CDN_NUM> - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 2 times
remarks:        47541:23<CDN_NUM> - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 3 times
remarks:        where <CDN_NUM> is
remarks:        01 - Russia, Moscow
remarks:        02 - Russia, Rostov on Don
remarks:        03 - Russia, Ekaterinburg
remarks:        04 - Russia, Novosibirsk
remarks:        05 - Russia, Khabarovsk
remarks:        06 - Netherlands, Amsterdam
remarks:        07 - Russia, Samara
remarks:        08 - Kazahstan, Akkol
remarks:
remarks:        Other CDN bgp communities
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:20 - deny import
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:21 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 1 time
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:22 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 2 times
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:23 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 3 times
remarks:        where <AS_NUM> is
remarks:        47541 - Germany, Frankfurt and main VK in St.Petersburg(not cdn)
remarks:        47542 - Russia, Moscow
remarks:        28709 - Other CDNs
remarks:
remarks:        **********************************************************************
remarks:        Abuse, Security issues [email protected]
remarks:        Network, routing issues, peering requests [email protected]
remarks:        VK.com users support https://vk.com/support
remarks:        Requests sent to wrong address will be ignored
remarks:        **********************************************************************
admin-c:        NCC31-RIPE
tech-c:         NCC31-RIPE
notify:         [email protected]
status:         ASSIGNED
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-END-MNT
mnt-by:         VKONTAKTE-NET-MNT
created:        2009-08-05T11:34:14Z
last-modified:  2021-05-27T10:40:04Z
source:         RIPE
notify:         [email protected]

organisation:   ORG-VL47-RIPE
org-name:       VKontakte Ltd
country:        RU
org-type:       LIR
address:        Prem.1-N, Bld. 12-14, Lit. A, Khersonskaya str.
address:        191024
address:        Saint-Petersburg
address:        RUSSIAN FEDERATION
phone:          +78126407240
fax-no:         +78126407240
e-mail:         [email protected]
abuse-c:        AR17035-RIPE
mnt-ref:        RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-ref:        VKONTAKTE
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-by:         VKONTAKTE
notify:         [email protected]
created:        2008-01-28T14:15:26Z
last-modified:  2020-12-16T12:22:32Z
source:         RIPE

role:           Vkontakte Network Control Center (NCC)
address:        Prem.1-N, Bld. 12-14, Lit. A, Khersonskaya str.
address:        191024
address:        Saint-Petersburg
address:        RUSSIAN FEDERATION
e-mail:         [email protected]
remarks:        **********************************************************************
remarks:        Abuse, Security issues [email protected]
remarks:        Network, routing issues, peering requests [email protected]
remarks:        VK.com users support https://vk.com/support
remarks:        Requests sent to wrong address will be ignored
remarks:        **********************************************************************
admin-c:        EY1327-RIPE
tech-c:         MAIL-RU
nic-hdl:        NCC31-RIPE
mnt-by:         VKONTAKTE-NET-MNT
created:        2016-09-03T22:17:42Z
last-modified:  2021-03-19T16:20:21Z
source:         RIPE