AS Number
AS57112
AS Name
AS-F2X
Org Name
F2X Operator B.V.
Country
Netherlands
Registry

ripe

RegDate

N/A

Updated

2023-01-29T20:58:28Z

AS57112 Looking Glass
IPv4Prefixes

23

IPv6Prefixes

3

IPv4 NUMs

31,744

IPv6 NUMs(/64)

103,079,215,104

31,744 IPv4 Addresses
CIDR Description IP Num
5.104.112.0/20
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 4096
31.177.32.0/21
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 2048
45.84.40.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
45.91.56.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
45.92.224.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
81.30.64.0/20
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 4096
86.111.208.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.23.140.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.33.152.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.38.152.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.70.236.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.72.160.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.82.192.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.87.104.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.87.116.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.87.156.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.103.236.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.113.172.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.133.108.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
185.192.144.0/22
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 1024
217.76.16.0/21
IRR Valid
Net_p 2048
217.76.16.0/20
ROA Signed and Valid IRR InValid
F2X Operator B.V. 4096
217.76.24.0/21
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
toekomstige 2048
CIDR Description IP NUMs(prefix /64)
2a0a:4980::/29
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 34359738368
2a0e:c40::/29
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 34359738368
2a0e:9680::/29
ROA Signed and Valid IRR Valid
F2X Operator B.V. 34359738368
AS Description Country/Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS18106 VIEWQWEST-SG-AP - Viewqwest Pte Ltd, SG Singapore 52,992 13,153,337,344 IPv4 IPv4
AS31027 GlobalConnect-AS31027 - GlobalConnect A/S, DK Denmark 268,544 81,639,440,384 IPv4 IPv4
AS34224 NETERRA-AS - Neterra Ltd., BG Bulgaria 43,776 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS37468 ANGOLA-CABLES - Angola Cables, AO Angola 7,168 42,949,672,960 IPv4 IPv4
AS37662 WIOCC-AS - West Indian Ocean Cable Company, MU Mauritius 9,216 8,589,934,592 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS7713 telkomnet-as-ap - Telekomunikasi Indonesia (PT), ID Indonesia 4,273,664 12,885,032,960 IPv4 IPv4
AS12969 Vodafone_Iceland - Syn hf, IS Iceland 309,760 8,589,934,592 IPv4 IPv4
AS35280 F5 - F5 Networks SARL, FR France 48,128 81,604,378,624 IPv4 IPv4
AS36351 SOFTLAYER - SoftLayer Technologies Inc., US United States 4,413,184 39,703,085,056 IPv4 IPv4
AS62167 Tismi - Tismi BV, NL Netherlands 3,072 8,589,934,592 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS197580 AS-CONNECTICORE - CONNECTICORE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY S.A, GR Greece 7,168 38,654,705,664 IPv4 IPv4
AS8932 UCOMINT - Ucom CJSC, AM Armenia 2,048 131,072 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS9009 M247 - M247 Europe SRL, RO Romania 1,092,608 300,749,357,312 IPv4 IPv4
AS39122 BLACKNIGHT-AS - Blacknight Internet Solutions Limited, IE Ireland 32,768 55,834,640,384 IPv4 IPv4
AS202365 Chronos - Omer GOLGELI, TR Turkey 768 34,360,131,584 IPv6 IPv6
AS174 COGENT-174 - Cogent Communications, US United States 27,257,344 228,879,368,192 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS12779 ITGATE - IT.Gate S.p.A., IT Italy 45,056 42,949,738,496 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS20766 GITOYEN-MAIN-AS - Association "Gitoyen", FR France 10,496 43,218,108,416 IPv4 IPv4
AS34549 MEER-AS - meerfarbig GmbH & Co. KG, DE Germany 89,344 347,893,465,088 IPv4 IPv4
AS38880 M21-AS-AP - Micron21 Datacentre Pty Ltd, AU Australia 30,976 4,295,163,904 IPv4 IPv4
AS137409 GSLNETWORKS-AS-AP - GSL Networks Pty LTD, AU Australia 27,136 17,179,869,184 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS1299 TWELVE99 - Arelion Sweden AB, SE Sweden 258,304 17,605,071,863,808 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS3216 SOVAM-AS - PJSC "Vimpelcom", RU Russian Federation 1,040,056 4,295,098,368 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS6057 Administracion Nacional de Telecomunicaciones, UY Uruguay 2,166,016 68,719,476,736 IPv4 IPv4
AS14630 INVESCO - Invesco Group Services, Inc., US United States 7,424 38,671,482,880 IPv4 IPv4
AS15802 DU-AS1 - Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company PJSC, AE United Arab Emirates 1,166,592 30,064,771,072 IPv4 IPv4
AS29208 QUANTCOM-AS - Quantcom, a.s., CZ Czech 254,464 12,884,967,424 IPv4 IPv4
AS61568 ALOO TELECOM - FSF TECNOLOGIA SA, BR Brazil 12,800 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS209022 Tschajera-Limited - Tschajera Limited, GB United Kingdom 0 268,959,744 IPv6 IPv6
AS9050 RTD - ORANGE ROMANIA COMMUNICATION S.A, RO Romania 1,497,088 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS12552 IPO-EU - GlobalConnect AB, SE Sweden 575,744 266,288,955,392 IPv4 IPv4
AS45489 SLT-GLOBAL - Sri Lanka Telecom Ltd, LK Sri Lanka 1,536 65,536 IPv4 IPv4
AS52320 GlobeNet Cabos Submarinos Colombia, S.A.S., CO Colombia 4,096 8,589,934,592 IPv4 IPv4
AS56630 MELBICOM-EU-AS - Melbikomas UAB, LT Lithuania 43,520 6,979,715,072 IPv4 IPv4
AS63927 RISE-HK - RISE ASIA TECHNOLOGY LIMITED, HK Hong Kong 6,912 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS60557 ALPINE-NORTH-AS - Alpine North LTD, GB United Kingdom 256 4,295,360,512 IPv6 IPv6
AS25160 VORBOSS_AS - Vorboss Limited, GB United Kingdom 194,560 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4
AS34019 HIVANE, FR France 3,072 1,245,184 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS39737 Prime-Telecom-AS - Net Vision Telecom SRL, RO Romania 52,224 196,608 IPv4 IPv4
AS45352 IPSERVERONE-AS-AP - IP ServerOne Solutions Sdn Bhd, MY Malaysia 38,144 4,027,580,416 IPv4 IPv4
AS57406 Zero-Distance - Zero Distance LLC, US United States 768 393,216 IPv6 IPv6
AS6939 HURRICANE - Hurricane Electric LLC, US United States 487,680 282,631,397,441,536 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS39120 CONVERGENZE-AS - Convergenze S.p.A., IT Italy 36,096 12,884,901,888 IPv4 IPv4
AS58057 SECUREBIT - Securebit AG, CH Switzerland 7,680 60,694,134,784 IPv6 IPv6
AS3214 XTOM - xTom GmbH, DE Germany 29,952 112,106,340,352 IPv4 IPv4
AS34927 iFog-GmbH - iFog GmbH, CH Switzerland 2,560 120,979,456 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS24961 MYLOC-AS - myLoc managed IT AG, DE Germany 134,400 90,194,444,288 IPv4 IPv4
AS205593 TaKeN - Marek Krolikowski trading as TAKEN.PL IT SERVICES Marek Krolikowski, PL Poland 0 17,825,792 IPv6 IPv6
AS1239 SPRINTLINK - Sprint, US United States 14,799,616 184,685,035,520 IPv4 IPv4
AS36236 NETACTUATE - NetActuate, Inc, US United States 56,320 2,192,375,808 IPv4 IPv4
AS50629 LWLCOM - LWLcom GmbH, DE Germany 83,712 111,670,329,344 IPv4 IPv4
AS58511 ANYCAST-GLOBAL-BACKBONE - ANYCAST HOLDINGS PTY LTD, AU Australia 8,192 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS140731 TOHU-OP-AP - Ningbo Dahuamao Information Technology Co Ltd, CN China 256 57,671,680 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS1828 UNITAS - Unitas Global LLC, US United States 222,464 47,244,705,792 IPv4 IPv4
AS5713 SAIX-NET - Telkom SA Ltd., ZA South Africa 2,192,128 17,600,775,979,008 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS8529 OMANTEL-AS - Oman Telecommunications Company (S.A.O.G), OM Oman 15,360 0 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS8888 XTOM - xTom Pty Ltd, AU Australia 8,192 30,065,033,216 IPv4 IPv4
AS24482 SGGS-AS-AP - SG.GS, SG Singapore 23,296 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS28910 INTAL-ASN - "Uzbektelekom" Joint Stock Company, UZ Uzbekistan 1,280 268,435,456 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS29049 Delta-Telecom-AS - Delta Telecom Ltd, AZ Azerbaijan 73,216 1,310,720 IPv4 IPv4
AS57463 NetIX - NetIX Communications JSC, BG Bulgaria 256 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS211882 Aquilenet, FR France 512 4,295,032,832 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS206064 ALPINE-NORTH-NETWORK - Alpine North LTD, GB United Kingdom 0 0 IPv6 IPv6
AS132337 ANSPL-AS-AP - ALPHA NETWORKS SOLUTION PTE. LTD., SG Singapore 6,912 17,104,896 IPv4 IPv4
AS212895 ROUTE64_ORG - Johannes Ernst, DE Germany 0 67,895,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS3462 HINET - Chunghwa Telecom Co., Ltd., TW Taiwan 12,249,600 8,804,666,179,584 IPv4 IPv4
AS8492 OBIT-AS - "OBIT" Ltd., RU Russian Federation 83,712 38,654,705,664 IPv4 IPv4
AS41666 PYRO-AS - Institute for Pyrotechnical Cleaning (limited company), FI Finland 256 131,072 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS61573 IP2TEL SERVICOS DE COMUNICACAO MULTIMIDIA, BR Brazil 1,024 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS208431 EFERO - efero GmbH, DE Germany 256 131,072 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS328832 Network-Platforms-International - Network Platforms (PTY) LTD, ZA South Africa 0 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS29632 NASSIST-AS - Netassist Limited, GI Gibraltar 109,056 317,828,628,480 IPv6 IPv6
AS Description Country/Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS204737 ASN-CLOUDWEIGH - CloudWeigh B.V., NL Netherlands 1,024 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS203152 ETHIN-ISP - Interforce Hosted Solutions BV, NL Netherlands 512 0 IPv4 IPv4

Peers at this Exchange Point

Country/Region IX IPv4 IPv6 Port Speed Updated
Netherlands AMS-IX - Amsterdam Internet Exchange 80.249.210.110 2001:7f8:1::a505:7112:1 20 Gbps 2020-05-25 07:05:39
Netherlands NL-ix - Neutral Internet Exchange 193.239.118.182 2001:7f8:13::a505:7112:1 10 Gbps 2020-05-18 12:28:00
Netherlands Speed-IX - Speed Internet Exchange 185.1.222.46 2001:7f8:b7::a505:7112:1 10 Gbps 2022-03-02 15:01:01
Netherlands Equinix Amsterdam - Equinix Internet Exchange Amsterdam 185.1.112.109 2001:7f8:83::5:7112:1 10 Gbps 2021-09-22 05:01:44
Netherlands Equinix Amsterdam - Equinix Internet Exchange Amsterdam 185.1.112.110 2001:7f8:83::5:7112:2 10 Gbps 2021-09-22 05:01:59
Netherlands Frys-IX - The Frisian Internet Exchange 185.1.203.157 2001:7f8:10f::df18:157 10 Gbps 2021-09-04 15:28:39

Private Peering Facilities

Country/Region Name City Website Updated
NIKHEF Amsterdam Amsterdam http://www.nikhefhousing.nl 2020-05-18 12:28:32
Equinix AM5 - Amsterdam, Schepenbergweg Amsterdam https://www.equinix.com/locations/netherlands-colocation/amsterdam-data-centers/am5/ 2020-05-18 12:28:43
Bytesnet Rotterdam Rotterdam https://www.bytesnet.nl 2020-05-18 12:29:15
EFX Eindhoven http://www.efx.nl/ 2020-05-18 12:29:20
Iron Mountain Data Center - Amsterdam (AMS-1) Amsterdam https://www.ironmountain.com/digital-transformation/data-centers/locations/amsterdam-data-center 2020-05-18 12:30:14
Dataplace Utrecht Groenekan https://dataplace.com/en/datacenters/utrecht 2020-05-18 12:31:24
Mediagateway Hilversum 2020-05-18 12:33:38
Smartdc Heerlen Heerlen https://www.smartdc.net/data-centers/locations/heerlen/ 2020-05-18 12:45:36
Global Switch Amsterdam Amsterdam https://www.globalswitch.com/locations/amsterdam 2021-09-05 08:53:03
Equinix EN1 - Enschede Enschede http://www.equinix.com 2022-03-08 00:40:14
Equinix ZW1 - Zwolle Zwolle http://www.equinix.com 2022-03-08 00:40:28
IP Address Domain NUMs Domains
5.104.112.46 1 hekago.trade
5.104.112.241 2 bankhangen.soviscloud9.nl
5.104.113.141 1 cam2.autoverwijmeren.nl
5.104.113.198 1 thecryptohall.com
5.104.114.43 1 www.debandjes.nl
5.104.114.128 1 www.timvdv.synology.me
5.104.116.142 1 www.vaneldijk.org
5.104.117.177 2 spectronet.duckdns.org
5.104.117.186 1 www.bramble.nl
5.104.117.217 1 ollekepeters.nl
as-block:       AS56444 - AS58367
descr:          RIPE NCC ASN block
remarks:        These AS Numbers are assigned to network operators in the RIPE NCC service region.
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
created:        2023-01-23T16:09:02Z
last-modified:  2023-01-23T16:09:02Z
source:         RIPE



aut-num:        AS57112
as-name:        AS-F2X
org:            ORG-FOB3-RIPE
remarks:        ..______.___.__...__...____......................._.............
remarks:        .|..____|__.\\.\././../.__.\.....................|.|............
remarks:        .|.|__.....).|\.V./..|.|..|.|_.__...___._.__.__._|.|_.___.._.__.
remarks:        .|..__|..././..>.<...|.|..|.|.'_.\./._.\.'__/._`.|.__/._.\|.'__|
remarks:        .|.|....././_./...\..|.|__|.|.|_).|..__/.|.|.(_|.|.||.(_).|.|...
remarks:        .|_|....|____/_/.\_\..\____/|..__/.\___|_|..\__,_|\__\___/|_|...
remarks:        ............................|.|.................................
remarks:        ............................|_|.................................
remarks:        .
remarks:        .
remarks:        --------------------   Transit   ---------------------
remarks:
remarks:        AS1299 Telia Carrier # Arelion Sweden AB
import:         from AS1299 accept ANY
export:         to AS1299 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS1299 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS1299 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS174 Cogent Communications
import:         from AS174 accept ANY
export:         to AS174 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS174 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS174 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        ---------------   Internet eXchanges   ---------------
remarks:
remarks:        AS6777 AMS-IX # Amsterdam Internet Exchange B.V.
import:         from AS6777 accept ANY
export:         to AS6777 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS6777 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS6777 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS34307 NL-IX # Broadband Hosting B.V.
import:         from AS34307 accept ANY
export:         to AS34307 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS34307 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS34307 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS24115 Equinix
import:         from AS24115 accept ANY
export:         to AS24115 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS24115 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS24115 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS41441 Speed-IX # Serverius Holding B.V.
import:         from AS41441 accept ANY
export:         to AS41441 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS41441 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS41441 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS50952 LLC GLOBALNET
import:         from AS50952 accept ANY
export:         to AS50952 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS50952 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS50952 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS31500 Global Network Management Inc
import:         from AS31500 accept ANY
export:         to AS31500 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31500 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31500 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        --------------------   Peering   ---------------------
remarks:
remarks:        AS15169 Google LLC
import:         from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
export:         to AS15169 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS15169 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS714 Apple Inc.
import:         from AS714 accept AS-APPLE
export:         to AS714 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS714 accept AS-APPLE
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS714 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS32934 Facebook, Inc.
import:         from AS32934 accept AS-FACEBOOK
export:         to AS32934 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS32934 accept AS-FACEBOOK
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS32934 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS20940 Akamai International B.V.
import:         from AS20940 accept AS-AKAMAI
export:         to AS20940 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS20940 accept AS-AKAMAI
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS20940 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS25182 Stichting Nederlandse Publieke Omroep
import:         from AS25182 accept AS-PUBLIEKEOMROEP
export:         to AS25182 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS25182 accept AS-PUBLIEKEOMROEP
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS25182 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS6939 Hurricane Electric LLC
import:         from AS6939 accept AS-HURRICANE
export:         to AS6939 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS6939 accept AS-HURRICANEv6
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS6939 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS51088 A2B IP B.V.
import:         from AS51088 accept AS51088:AS-A2B
export:         to AS51088 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS51088 accept AS51088:AS-A2B
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS51088 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        AS8365 Man-da.de GmbH
import:         from AS8365 accept AS-MANDA
export:         to AS8365 announce AS-F2X
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8365 accept AS-MANDA
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8365 announce AS-F2X
remarks:
remarks:        --------------------  Customers  ---------------------
remarks:
import:         from AS204737 accept AS204737
export:         to AS204737 announce ANY
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS204737 accept AS204737
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS204737 announce ANY
remarks:
import:         from AS203152 accept AS203152
export:         to AS203152 announce ANY
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS203152 accept AS204737
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS203152 announce ANY
remarks:
remarks:        ------------------------------------------------------
admin-c:        NVDW36-RIPE
tech-c:         NVDW36-RIPE
status:         ASSIGNED
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-END-MNT
mnt-by:         F2X-MNT
created:        2019-06-04T14:21:51Z
last-modified:  2023-01-29T20:58:28Z
source:         RIPE

organisation:   ORG-FOB3-RIPE
org-name:       F2X Operator B.V.
country:        NL
org-type:       LIR
address:        Transistorstraat 7
address:        1322 CJ
address:        Almere
address:        NETHERLANDS
phone:          +31652072041
e-mail:         n.wegen@f2x.nl
admin-c:        NVDW36-RIPE
tech-c:         NVDW36-RIPE
abuse-c:        AR52942-RIPE
mnt-ref:        F2X-MNT
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-by:         F2X-MNT
created:        2019-05-29T07:58:02Z
last-modified:  2022-07-08T12:20:40Z
source:         RIPE

person:         Niels van der Wegen
address:        Transistorstraat 7
address:        1322 CJ
address:        Almere
address:        NETHERLANDS
phone:          +31652072041
nic-hdl:        NVDW36-RIPE
mnt-by:         F2X-MNT
mnt-by:         mnt-nl-f2x-1
created:        2019-05-29T07:58:01Z
last-modified:  2022-07-07T13:20:02Z
source:         RIPE