AS Number
AS47541
AS Name
VKONTAKTE-SPB-AS
Org Name
VKontakte Ltd
Country / Region
Russian Federation
Registry

ripe

RegDate

Updated

2023-07-20T14:43:26Z

AS47541 Looking Glass
https://lg.vk.com/
IPv4Prefixes

16

IPv6Prefixes

2

IPv4 NUMs

59,392

IPv6 NUMs(/64)

536,870,912

59,392 IPv4 Addresses
CIDR Description IP Num
79.137.139.0/24
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 256
79.137.164.0/24
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 256
79.137.180.0/24
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 256
79.137.183.0/24
IRR Valid
M100-COLO 256
87.240.128.0/18
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 16384
87.240.166.0/24
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 256
87.240.167.0/24
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 256
93.186.224.0/21
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 2048
93.186.232.0/21
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 2048
95.142.192.0/21
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 2048
95.142.192.0/20
IRR InValid
VKontakte Ltd 4096
95.213.0.0/18
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 16384
95.213.0.0/17
IRR InValid
VKontakte Ltd 32768
95.213.44.0/24
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 256
95.213.45.0/24
IRR Valid
VKONTAKTE-FRONT 256
185.32.248.0/22
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 1024
CIDR Description IP NUMs(prefix /64)
2a00:bdc0::/36
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 268435456
2a00:bdc0:1000::/36
IRR Valid
VKontakte Ltd 268435456
AS Description Country / Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS60476 MYCOM-AS - Digital Transformation Plus LLC, RU Russian Federation 3,072 34,359,803,904 IPv4 IPv4
AS61568 ALOO TELECOM - FSF TECNOLOGIA SA, BR Brazil 15,872 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS200612 GulfBridgeInternational - Gulf Bridge International Inc., VG British Virgin Islands 3,072 34,360,197,120 IPv4 IPv4
AS263152 MIGO TELECOM, BR Brazil 6,144 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS34465 NCRYPTD - NCRYPTD NET LTD, GB United Kingdom 768 4,294,967,296 IPv6 IPv6
AS3356 LEVEL3 - Level 3 Parent, LLC, US United States 30,026,008 77,329,203,200 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS37721 Virtual-Technologies-Solutions-SA - Virtual Technologies & Solutions, BF Burkina Faso 15,360 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS56630 MELBICOM-EU-AS - Melbikomas UAB, LT Lithuania 46,080 6,979,715,072 IPv4 IPv4
AS23106 AMERICAN TOWER DO BRASIL-COMUNICAÇÂO MULTIMÍDIA LT, BR Brazil 159,744 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS31133 MF-MGSM-AS - PJSC MegaFon, RU Russian Federation 785,664 654,901,248 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS34224 NETERRA-AS - Neterra Ltd., BG Bulgaria 44,288 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS199524 GCORE - G-Core Labs S.A., LU Luxembourg 84,736 101,646,336 IPv4 IPv4
AS24482 SGGS-AS-AP - SG.GS, SG Singapore 21,504 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4
AS57463 NetIX - NetIX Communications JSC, BG Bulgaria 256 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS25091 IP-MAX - IP-Max SA, CH Switzerland 13,824 68,719,607,808 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS12389 ROSTELECOM-AS - PJSC Rostelecom, RU Russian Federation 9,443,840 34,359,738,368 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS29479 TRANSDATA - Transdata AS, NO Norway 3,840 131,072 IPv4 IPv4
AS39120 CONVERGENZE-AS - Convergenze S.p.A., IT Italy 38,144 12,884,901,888 IPv4 IPv4
AS41327 FIBERTELECOM-AS - Fiber Telecom S.p.A., IT Italy 8,704 68,719,476,736 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS1031 PEER-1-INTERNET - Peer 1 Internet Service LLC, US United States 3,764 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS3216 SOVAM-AS - PJSC "Vimpelcom", RU Russian Federation 1,033,222 4,295,098,368 IPv4 IPv4
AS6762 SEABONE-NET - TELECOM ITALIA SPARKLE S.p.A., IT Italy 107,520 12,903,972,864 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS6939 HURRICANE - Hurricane Electric LLC, US United States 509,696 282,666,035,576,832 IPv4 IPv4
AS14840 COMMCORP COMUNICACOES LTDA, BR Brazil 63,488 15,083,634,688 IPv4 IPv4
AS1299 TWELVE99 - Arelion Sweden AB, SE Sweden 229,376 85,935,849,472 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS39351 ESAB-AS - 31173 Services AB, SE Sweden 8,704 8,590,786,560 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS49544 i3Dnet - i3D.net B.V, NL Netherlands 101,376 341,184,020,480 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS9002 RETN-AS - RETN Limited, GB United Kingdom 33,024 4,294,967,296 IPv4 IPv4 IPv6 IPv6
AS Description Country / Region IPv4 NUMs IPv6 NUMs IPv4 IPv6
AS57973 CLOUDGAMING-REGION-AS - LLC VK, RU Russian Federation 1,024 0 IPv4 IPv4
AS47764 VK-AS - LLC VK, RU Russian Federation 108,800 42,949,672,960 IPv6 IPv6
IP Address Domain NUMs Domains
79.137.139.97 5 back.bessmertnyj-polk.kts.prod.kapps.vk-apps.ru
as-block:       AS47104 - AS50891
descr:          RIPE NCC ASN block
remarks:        These AS Numbers are assigned to network operators in the RIPE NCC service region.
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
created:        2023-07-20T14:43:26Z
last-modified:  2023-07-20T14:43:26Z
source:         RIPE



aut-num:        AS47541
as-name:        VKONTAKTE-SPB-AS
org:            ORG-VL47-RIPE
descr:          http://vk.com
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        Uplinks
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS6762 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS6762 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS6762 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS6762 accept ANY;
export:         to AS1299 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS1299 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS1299 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS1299 accept ANY;
export:         to AS57304 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS57304 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS57304 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS57304 accept ANY;
export:         to AS3356 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS3356 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS3356 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS3356 accept ANY;
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31133 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31133 accept ANY;
export:         to AS12389 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS12389 accept ANY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS12389 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS12389 accept ANY;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        DATA-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS50952 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS50952 accept AS-DATAIX
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS50952 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS50952 accept AS-DATAIX;
export:         to AS34123 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS34123 accept AS-NETORN
export:         to AS47441 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS47441 accept AS47441
export:         to AS51028 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS51028 accept AS-SVOLS
export:         to AS60299 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS60299 accept AS-MMTS
export:         to AS8369 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8369 accept AS-INTERSVYAZ
export:         to AS8551 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8551 accept AS-BEZEQINT
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8551 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8551 accept AS-BEZEQINT;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        MSK-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS8631 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8631 accept AS-MSKROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8631 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8631 accept AS-MSKROUTESERVER;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        SPB-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS43690 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS43690 accept AS-SPBROUTESERVER
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS43690 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS43690 accept AS-SPBROUTESERVER;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        GLOBAL-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS31500 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31500 accept AS-GLOBAL-NET
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31500 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31500 accept AS-GLOBAL-NET;
export:         to AS42893 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS42893 accept AS42893
export:         to AS48257 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS48257 accept AS-SATNETSPB
export:         to AS50923 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS50923 accept AS-METRO-SET
export:         to AS21453 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS21453 accept AS-FLEX
export:         to AS6939 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS6939 accept AS-HURRICANE
export:         to AS60764 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS60764 accept AS-TKTEL
export:         to AS15672 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS15672 accept AS-TZTELECOM
export:         to AS15169 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS15169 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE;
export:         to AS35032 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS35032 accept AS-TAHION
export:         to AS56407 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS56407 accept AS-ZHIGULINET
export:         to AS49136 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS49136 accept AS-TELENET-NET
export:         to AS47914 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS47914 accept AS-IPHOME
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        W-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS50384 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS50384 accept AS-W-IX
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS50384 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS50384 accept AS-W-IX-IPVSIX;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        CLOUD-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS29076 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS29076 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        MEGA-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31133 accept AS-MF-IX
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        PITER-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS50817 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS50817 accept AS-PITER-IX
export:         to AS49869 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS49869 accept AS-PITER-IX-MSK
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        SFO-IX Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS13094 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS13094 accept as-milecom-rs
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS13094 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS13094 accept as-milecom-rs;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        direct Peers
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        -- Amsterdam Telecom
export:         to AS44843 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS44843 accept AS-MALOCO
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS44843 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS44843 accept AS-MALOCO;
remarks:        -- Beeline
export:         to AS3216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS3216 accept AS-SOVAM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS3216 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS3216 accept AS-SOVAM;
remarks:        -- Beltelecom
export:         to AS6697 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS6697 accept AS-BELPAK
remarks:        -- Comcor
export:         to AS8732 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8732 accept AS-COMCOR
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8732 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8732 accept AS-COMCOR;
remarks:        -- MTS
export:         to AS8359 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8359 accept AS-MTU
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8359 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8359 accept AS-MTU;
remarks:        -- Corbina
export:         to AS8402 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8402 accept AS-CORBINA
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8402 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8402 accept AS-CORBINA;
remarks:        -- RETN
export:         to AS57304 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS57304 accept AS-RETN
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS57304 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS57304 accept AS-RETN6;
remarks:        -- Er-Telecom
export:         to AS9049 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS9049 accept AS-ERTH
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS9049 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS9049 accept AS-ERTH;
remarks:        -- Fiord
export:         to AS28917 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS28917 accept AS-FIORD
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS28917 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS28917 accept AS-FIORD;
remarks:        -- Megafon
export:         to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31133 accept AS-MF-MGSM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31133 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31133 accept AS-MF-MGSM;
remarks:        -- Rascom
export:         to AS20764 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS20764 accept AS-RASCOM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS20764 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS20764 accept AS-RASCOM;
remarks:        -- Rostelecom
export:         to AS12389 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS12389 accept AS-ROSTELECOM
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS12389 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS12389 accept AS-ROSTELECOM;
remarks:        -- Runnet
export:         to AS3267 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS3267 accept AS-RUNNET
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS3267 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS3267 accept AS-RUNNET;
remarks:        -- Tele2
export:         to AS15378 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS15378 accept ANY
remarks:        -- TransTeleKom
export:         to AS20485 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS20485 accept AS-TTK
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS20485 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS20485 accept AS-TTK;
remarks:        -- Comfortel
export:         to AS56534 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS56534 accept AS-PIRIXNET
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS56534 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS56534 accept AS-PIRIXNET;
remarks:        -- Prometey
export:         to AS35000 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS35000 accept AS-PROMETEY
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS35000 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS35000 accept AS-PROMETEY-V6;
remarks:        -- Webra
export:         to AS43097 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS43097 accept AS43097
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS43097 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS43097 accept AS-WEBRA;
remarks:        -- Kvant
export:         to AS43727 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS43727 accept AS-SETKT
remarks:        -- Pakt
export:         to AS39087 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS39087 accept AS-PAKT
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS39087 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS39087 accept AS-PAKT;
remarks:        -- Selectel
export:         to AS49505 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS49505 accept AS-SELECTEL
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS49505 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS49505 accept AS-SELECTEL;
remarks:        -- Olymp Telecom(SkyNet)
export:         to AS35807 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS35807 accept AS-OLYMP-TELECOM
remarks:        -- WestCall
export:         to AS425408 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS25408 accept AS25408
remarks:        -- Nevalink
export:         to AS42668 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS42668 accept AS-NEVALINK
remarks:        -- TIS-DIALOG
export:         to AS31214 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS31214 accept AS-TISDIALOG
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS31214 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS31214 accept AS-TISDIALOG;
remarks:        --
export:         to AS29076 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM AND NOT AS-CLOUD-IX-M
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS29076 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS29076 accept AS-CITYTELECOM;
export:         to AS15169 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS15169 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS15169 accept AS-GOOGLE;
export:         to AS25478 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS25478 accept AS-IHOME
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS25478 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS25478 accept AS-IHOME;
export:         to AS43966 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS43966 accept AS-ITREGION
export:         to AS51973 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS51973 accept AS-KOLT
export:         to AS48858 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS48858 accept AS-MILECOM
export:         to AS58067 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS58067 accept AS-CHTE
export:         to AS8492 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS8492 accept AS-OBIT
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS8492 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS8492 accept AS-OBIT;
export:         to AS35598 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS35598 accept AS-ICNET
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS35598 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS35598 accept AS-ICNET;
export:         to AS60280 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS60280 accept AS-NTEC
mp-export:      afi ipv6.unicast to AS60280 announce AS-VKONTAKTE;
mp-import:      afi ipv6.unicast from AS60280 accept AS-NTEC;
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        Other
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
export:         to AS57973 announce AS-VKONTAKTE
import:         from AS57973 accept AS-NIVAL
remarks:
remarks:        =========================================
remarks:        BGP Policy
remarks:        -----------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        ----- Our BGP communities for managing traffic
remarks:
remarks:        -- AS47541 community (Russia, St.Petersburg main vk)
remarks:        WARNING! These communities are applicable to entire VK.com network
remarks:        please use it carefully
remarks:        47541:20 - deny import
remarks:        47541:21 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 1 time
remarks:        47541:22 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 2 times
remarks:        47541:23 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 3 times
remarks:
remarks:        -- CDN vk
remarks:        47541:20<CDN_NUM> - deny import
remarks:        47541:21<CDN_NUM> - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 1 time
remarks:        47541:22<CDN_NUM> - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 2 times
remarks:        47541:23<CDN_NUM> - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 3 times
remarks:        where <CDN_NUM> is
remarks:        01 - Russia, Moscow
remarks:        02 - Russia, Rostov on Don
remarks:        03 - Russia, Ekaterinburg
remarks:        04 - Russia, Novosibirsk
remarks:        05 - Russia, Khabarovsk
remarks:        06 - Netherlands, Amsterdam
remarks:        07 - Russia, Samara
remarks:
remarks:        Other CDN bgp communities
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:20 - deny import
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:21 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 1 time
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:22 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 2 times
remarks:        <AS_NUM>:23 - prepend last AS to AS-PATH 3 times
remarks:        where <AS_NUM> is
remarks:        47541 - main VK in St.Petersburg (not cdn)
remarks:        47542 - Russia, Moscow
remarks:        28709 - Other CDNs
remarks:
remarks:        The following control communities are accepted only from
remarks:        partners:
remarks:
remarks:        Community Meaning
remarks:
remarks:        47541:1100x When advertising to ANY domestic uplink, specifically:
remarks:
remarks:        47541:1101x When advertising to RETN (AS57304) uplink...
remarks:        47541:1104x When advertising to RT (AS12389) uplink...
remarks:        47541:1105x When advertising to Megafon (AS31133) uplink...
remarks:
remarks:        47541:1110x When advertising to ANY International uplink, specifically:
remarks:
remarks:        47541:1111x When advertising to Telia (AS1299) uplink...
remarks:        47541:1113x When advertising to Seabone (AS6762) uplink...
remarks:        47541:1114x When advertising to Level3 (AS3356) uplink...
remarks:
remarks:        47541:2100x When advertising to ANY peer or IX, specifically:
remarks:
remarks:        47541:2101x When advertising to MSK-IX...
remarks:        47541:2104x When advertising to DATA-IX...
remarks:        47541:2105x When advertising to SPB-IX...
remarks:        47541:2108x When advertising to GLOBAL-IX...
remarks:        47541:2111x When advertising to CLOUD-IX...
remarks:        47541:2113x When advertising to DVO-IX...
remarks:        47541:2114x When advertising to W-IX...
remarks:        47541:2115x When advertising to PITER-IX...
remarks:        47541:2118x When advertising to MEGAFON-IX...
remarks:        47541:2119x When advertising to Milecom-IX...
remarks:        47541:2122x When advertising to GIGANET-IX...
remarks:
remarks:        47541:3NNNx When advertising to direct peer PeerID:NNN
remarks:
remarks:        ...x=0 - do not advertise
remarks:        ...x=1, 2 - prepend 47541 1 or 2 times
remarks:
remarks:        PeerID:NNN is:
remarks:
remarks:        102 Rostelecom (AS12389)
remarks:        105 ReTN (AS57304,AS9002)
remarks:        107 Google (AS15169)
remarks:        108 Rostelecom (AS42610)
remarks:        109 Fiord (AS28917)
remarks:        110 Megafon (AS31133,AS31195)
remarks:        113 ITregion (AS43966)
remarks:        118 Yandex (AS13238)
remarks:        119 RunNet (AS3267)
remarks:        122 Rascom (AS20764)
remarks:        123 Rostelecom (AS8997)
remarks:        128 NetByNet (AS12714)
remarks:        129 MTS (AS8359)
remarks:        130 OBIT (AS8492)
remarks:        131 DataGroup (AS21219)
remarks:        132 TTK (AS20485)
remarks:        134 Beeline (AS3216)
remarks:        140 Inetcom (AS35598)
remarks:        148 ERtelecom (AS9049)
remarks:        153 BelTelecom (AS6697)
remarks:        154 Ucomline (AS12883)
remarks:        158 NCOT (AS60280)
remarks:        159 Amsterdam Telecom (AS44843)
remarks:        164 Milecom (AS48858)
remarks:        166 Corbina (AS8402)
remarks:        168 Comcor (AS8732)
remarks:        171 CRELCOM (AS6789)
remarks:        174 Tele2 (AS15378,AS12958,AS42437,AS48190,AS41330)
remarks:        177 ElitTV (AS58096)
remarks:        178 Timer (AS47626)
remarks:        179 Comfortel (AS56534)
remarks:        181 Prometey (AS35000)
remarks:        182 MailRu (AS47764)
remarks:        185 Webra (AS43097)
remarks:        186 Kvant (AS43727)
remarks:        187 VK HQ
remarks:        188 PAKT (AS39087)
remarks:        189 SELECTEL (AS49505)
remarks:        190 IHome (AS25478)
remarks:        191 REDCOM (AS8749)
remarks:        192 WEBRA (AS16300)
remarks:        193 SIBSET (AS34757)
remarks:        194 UARNET (AS3255)
remarks:        196 Digital Ocean (AS14061)
remarks:        197 Ufanet (AS24955,AS47775)
remarks:        198 Miranda (AS201776)
remarks:        201 Skynet (AS35807)
remarks:        202 Motiv (AS31499)
remarks:        203 WestCall (AS25408)
remarks:        204 Vladlink (AS42038)
remarks:        205 TIS-DIALOG (AS31214)
remarks:        206 CHITATEKHENERGO (AS58067)
remarks:        207 URALWES (AS5563)
remarks:        208 Sevencom (AS42498)
remarks:        210 Fticom (AS41039)
remarks:        211 FREEDOM1 (AS206011)
remarks:        213 Insys (AS28890)
remarks:        286 Convex (AS209307)
remarks:        287 Ugletelecom (LEVEL-MSK) (AS48276,AS52091)
remarks:        288 Nevalink (AS42668)
remarks:        289 Megalink(PG19) (AS49037)
remarks:        290 Interra (AS48524)
remarks:        291 KTEL (AS48642)
remarks:        292 KOLTINT (AS51973)
remarks:
remarks:        ----- Our internal communities that we append to imported prefixes
remarks:        47541:41100 - received from uplinks
remarks:        47541:41101 - received from RETN
remarks:        47541:41104 - received from RT
remarks:        47541:41105 - received from Megafon
remarks:        47541:41111 - received from Telia
remarks:        47541:41113 - received from Telecom Italia
remarks:        47541:41114 - received from Lumen
remarks:
remarks:        47541:42100 - received from public (ix) peer
remarks:        47541:42101 - MSKIX
remarks:        47541:42104 - DataIX
remarks:        47541:42105 - SPBIX
remarks:        47541:42108 - GlobalnetIX
remarks:        47541:42111 - CloudIX
remarks:        47541:42113 - DVO-IX
remarks:        47541:42114 - W-IX
remarks:        47541:42115 - PITERIX
remarks:        47541:42116 - FREE
remarks:        47541:42118 - MEGAFON-IX
remarks:        47541:42119 - Milecom-IX
remarks:        47541:42120 - EKT-IX
remarks:        47541:42121 - NSK-IX
remarks:        47541:42122 - GIGANET-IX
remarks:        47541:42124 - SMR-IX
remarks:        47541:42125 - RND-IX
remarks:        47541:42126 - RED-IX
remarks:        47541:42127 - SEA-IX
remarks:
remarks:        47541:43100 - received from private (direct) peer
remarks:        47541:43NNN Received from private peer PeerID:NNN
remarks:        (see above)...
remarks:
remarks:        -------------------------------------------------------------
remarks:
remarks:        **********************************************************************
remarks:        Abuse, Security issues noc@vk.com
remarks:        Network, routing issues, peering requests ncc@corp.vk.com
remarks:        VK.com users support https://vk.com/support
remarks:        Requests sent to wrong address will be ignored
remarks:        **********************************************************************
admin-c:        NCC31-RIPE
tech-c:         NCC31-RIPE
notify:         ipncc@corp.mail.ru
status:         ASSIGNED
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-END-MNT
mnt-by:         VKCOMPANY-MNT
created:        2008-07-03T14:45:56Z
last-modified:  2024-02-06T14:29:54Z
source:         RIPE
notify:         ncc@corp.vk.com

organisation:   ORG-VL47-RIPE
org-name:       VKontakte Ltd
country:        RU
org-type:       LIR
address:        Prem.1-N, Bld. 12-14, Lit. A, Khersonskaya str.
address:        191024
address:        Saint-Petersburg
address:        RUSSIAN FEDERATION
phone:          +78126407240
fax-no:         +78126407240
e-mail:         ncc@corp.vk.com
abuse-c:        AR17035-RIPE
mnt-ref:        RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-ref:        VKCOMPANY-MNT
mnt-by:         RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
mnt-by:         VKCOMPANY-MNT
notify:         noc@vk.com
created:        2008-01-28T14:15:26Z
last-modified:  2022-06-20T09:34:41Z
source:         RIPE

role:           Vkontakte Network Control Center (NCC)
address:        Prem.1-N, Bld. 12-14, Lit. A, Khersonskaya str.
address:        191024
address:        Saint-Petersburg
address:        RUSSIAN FEDERATION
e-mail:         ncc@corp.vk.com
remarks:        **********************************************************************
remarks:        Abuse, Security issues noc@vk.com
remarks:        Network, routing issues, peering requests ncc@corp.vk.com
remarks:        VK.com users support https://vk.com/support
remarks:        Requests sent to wrong address will be ignored
remarks:        **********************************************************************
admin-c:        EY1327-RIPE
tech-c:         DBF3-RIPE
tech-c:         IS13
nic-hdl:        NCC31-RIPE
mnt-by:         VKCOMPANY-MNT
created:        2016-09-03T22:17:42Z
last-modified:  2022-06-20T13:25:33Z
source:         RIPE